IWCA VIETNAM PRESIDENT MRS.NGOC ANH SPEAKS AT EVERY PERFECT DAY
Mrs.Dao Ngoc Anh- President of IWCA Vietnam spoke on Perfect Daily Grind on the topic “Launching climate-adapted hybrid coffee varieties in Vietnam”
OVERVIEW OF THE ARTICLE ISSUES
Recently, in Perfect Daily Grind magazine, there was an article related to the topic: Introduction of climate-adapted hybrid coffee varieties in Vietnam. The article mainly deals with issues surrounding the story of planting and harvesting and the future of the Vietnamese coffee industry.
The article has contributed opinions from many leading experts and influential people, knowledgeable about coffee in the Vietnamese market. In it, the article is based on USDA’s Coffee: World Markets and Trade report, published in June 2021, which predicts that global coffee production figures for crop year 2021/22 will decrease by 6.2% compared to the previous crop year.
Through the contributions of many experts, the article confirms that the cause of that decrease can be due to a number of reasons. But one of the most prominent causes is erratic or extreme weather. Weather patterns are naturally fluctuating, but these changes are believed to have been exacerbated by climate change.
PERSONALITY OF MRS.DAO NGOC ANH – PRESIDENT OF IWCA VIETNAM
Sharing with the magazine, Mrs. Ngoc Anh has had many honest perspectives and useful solutions to contribute to solving outstanding problems in the industry.
CHALLENGES OF VIETNAM COFFEE TODAY
When commenting on the challenges of Vietnamese coffee today, Ms. Ngoc Anh shared:
“Vietnamese coffee has historically been undervalued and therefore does not receive high prices.
“For example, in crop year 2019/20, there was a time when multinationals did not pay more than US$0.90/lb. Farmers can only lose at that price.”
She added that single mothers and widowed farmers are even more vulnerable.
Mrs.Dao Ngoc Anh said: “Field work greatly affects their health. They earn 50% less than a typical family, and their health is worse than that of women in a family with both husband and wife.”
SOLUTION – IMPROVE FARMING TECHNIQUES
Offering a solution to this problem, Ms. Ngoc Anh shared about methods of improving farming techniques in agriculture:
“IWCA has been supporting farmers to improve their practices at the farm level.”
“We are working with selected farmers to increase the percentage of ripe cherries in the harvest,” she said. We also raise awareness about patio drying in Vietnam’s humid climate, which needs to be monitored well to improve cup quality.”
Finally, Mrs. Dao Ngoc Anh said that since many Vietnamese producers don’t drink their own coffee. IWCA Vietnam has helped local producers taste new coffees. This helps them understand the importance of better farming methods, she says.
“Giving away free ground arabica coffee and encouraging farmers to drink the coffee they produce can foster better relationships between producers and their crops.
“IWCA Vietnam organized two tasting sessions with hundreds of women to show them how good coffee is. On average, the cup scores for the new F1 hybrids were two to three points higher and their green beans had fewer defects.”
SOLUTION – BREAKING NEW VARIETIES WITH MULTIPLES ADVANTAGES
By 2050, scientists predict that up to 60% of the land currently used for growing arabica could be affected by climate change.
Before this comment, Ms. Ngoc Anh said: “Climate change, in the form of more frequent droughts and higher temperatures, can lead to great damage to crops. “New climate-tolerant varieties were bred to combat these problems in a better way.”
In essence, coffee grown in the shade is more stable and contributes to a more sustainable farm ecosystem. Furthermore, agroforestry systems improve soil protection and erosion, increase carbon sequestration, create natural pest control systems, and encourage more biodiversity.
Mrs.Dao Ngoc Anh added that intercropping can be effective, helping farmers diversify their incomes and create a more sustainable ecosystem.
Hopefully, these contributions can pave the way for more resilient coffee varieties around the world, contributing to the development of the coffee industry.